This is how to rejuvinate an oil palm plantation. Despite of the controversy on the forest conversion for plantation, Indonesia remains one of world top producers of crude palm oil (CPO).
They inject liquid poison to 25 years age of oil palm tree, and plant the seedlings two weeks after shade open.
Read the following books The Oil Palm (World Agriculture Series) to find complete understanding.
In recent years, oil palm plantation has been accussed for high deforestation rate in Indonesia.
In fact, the size of rainforests area of Indonesia is decreasing, contrary to oil palm plantation that wider and wider.
More about deforestation information:
Interaction effects between economic development and forest cover determine deforestation rates [An article from: Global Environmental Change]
Picture was taken in Tulang Bawang district, an area where migrants were moved to decades ago.
Btw, I wonder that Amazon provide a green 8-ft rubber in its store. A rubber tree is online sold? here the ads:
I note Berau as one of oldest city in Kalimantan as well as endowed by rich natural resources city, such coal and rainforest timber.
Instead of that, Berau's government is trying to develop its agriculture by backing up program on food crops.
Here some irrigated ricefields of Berau. Nice views under blue sky!
If you have a chance to visit Kalimantan, this reading is very relevant: Rainforest Ecosystems of East Kalimantan: El Nino, Drought, Fire and Human Impacts (Ecological Studies)